The Digital Security Act was enacted in 2018. The purpose of this law is to punish those who insult the liberation war, the spirit of the liberation war or the national flag. The purpose of this law is to bring under punishment those who hurt religious values, cybercrime or hacking. Offenses committed under this Act will be tried by the Cyber Tribunal constituted under the Information Technology Act, 2006. And to take care of digital security, there will be a digital security agency with 3 members and a central council called Digital Security Council headed by the Prime Minister.
What does the spirit of liberation war mean?
The "liberation war spirit" refers to the great ideals of nationalism, socialism, democracy and secularism that inspired our brave people to dedicate themselves to the national liberation struggle and sacrifice their lives as heroic martyrs.
What does digital security mean?
"Digital security" refers to the security of a digital device or digital system.
How many members does the Digital Security Agency have?
Digital Security Agency:
There will be a digital security agency of 3 members. It has a director general and two directors. (Section 5)
Who is the head of Digital Security Council?
Digital Security Council:
There will be a digital security council of 13 members. The head of which will be the Prime Minister. The Director General will be the Member-Secretary.
If a person through digital means:
1) Liberation war of Bangladesh, against the spirit of liberation war;
2) Against the Father of the Nation;
3) National anthem, against the national flag;
If any kind of propaganda is carried out or supported, he will be punished with imprisonment for 10 years or 1 crore rupees or both.
Repetition of this offense shall be punishable with imprisonment for life or with a fine of 3 crore rupees or with both. (Section :21)
If any person:—
- Endangering state security and sovereignty; And
- If a person commits an offense through a computer network or internet network with the intention of creating fear among the public, then such person shall be deemed to have committed the offense of cyber terrorism.
The punishment is maximum 14 years or imprisonment up to 1 crore rupees or both. (Section: 27)
Hurts religious sentiments:
If any person or group willfully religious sentiments:
- with intent to injure or
- with intent to provoke; It is an offense for a person to propagate on an electronic device anything that hurts religious sentiments.
The punishment for this is maximum 5 years or 10 lakh rupees imprisonment or both. (Section: 28)
Crime of defamation:
If any person provides defamatory information on the website or any other electronic means:
- published or
- Propaganda, then it is a crime.
Its maximum punishment is 3 years or imprisonment of up to 5 lakh rupees or both. (Section :29)
Hacking is also called hacking to gain control of another's computer by entering it illegally. The punishment for hacking is up to 14 years or up to 1 crore rupees. (Section :34)
BREAKING OFFICIAL SECRETS:
What is the penalty for breaching government secrets while in government service?
- Shall be punished with imprisonment for a maximum of 14 years or with a fine of up to 25 lakh rupees or with both.
Digital Security Act originated from which law?
- Information and Communication Technology Act.
Where will the offenses committed under the Digital Security Act, 2018 be prosecuted?
- Tribunal constituted under the Information Technology Act, 2006.
Information and Communication Technology Act, 2006
The judge of the cyber tribunal will be a person. whose rank will be:
- A Sessions Judge; or
- Extra Session Judge.
Cyber Appellate Tribunal:
It will have 3 members. Namely:
- A member of the rank of Judge of the Supreme Court. Who will be the chairman.
- A member of the rank of District Judge.
- A member experienced in information and technology.